Nuclear weapons decision-making and accountability.

by Scilla Elworthy

Publisher: OxfordProject for Peace Studies in Oxford

Written in English
Published: Pages: 11 Downloads: 735
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Edition Notes

A lecture delivered at St. Antony"s College, Oxford on 25 November 1987.

SeriesOPPS paper -- no.12
ContributionsOxford Project for Peace Studies.
The Physical Object
Pagination11p. :
Number of Pages11
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL15201437M
ISBN 101871191122

The Economic Implications of Nuclear Weapons This project was completed in August and resulted in the book Atomic Audit: The Costs and Consequences of U.S. Nuclear Weapons Since edited. This collection of essays applies the insights of behavioral economics to the study of nuclear weapons policy. Behavioral economics gives us a more accurate picture of how people think and, as a consequence, of how they make decisions about whether to acquire or use nuclear : Anne I. Harrington, Jeffrey W. Knopf, Jeffrey D. Berejikian, John Downer, Florian Justwan, Harald Mü. Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons [] ICJ 2 is a landmark international law case, where the International Court of Justice gave an advisory opinion stating that there is no source of law, customary or treaty, that explicitly prohibits the possession or even use of nuclear weapons. The only requirement being that their use must be in conformity with the law on self Court: International Court of Justice.   In comparison, it will cost more than $ billion and take until for the United States to get rid of those tons of plutonium, according to a Government Accountability .

Considering a Nuclear Gulf: Thinking about Nuclear Weapons in Saudi Arabia 2 be seen, at least tangentially, as part of this process, if only by reinforcing the legitimacy of nuclear power. In addition, this book will address other parameters of Saudi thinking about nuclear threats and nuclear weapons,File Size: 1MB. strategies for dealing with nuclear weapons remains a daunting challenge. From early in the nuclear age, attention focused on deterrence as a strategy to prevent nuclear war. By the s, key states were also seeking to limit the growth of nuclear arsenals and spread of nuclear arms through tools such as arms control and Size: 2MB. The book adds analytical rigor and insight to current debates over secrecy and accountability, which it ultimately aims to inspire and inform. “We can seek to harness and support those aspects of American law, politics, and culture that advance substantive accountability,” she writes. “Reclaiming accountability is no single act. Directed at commanders, staff officers and military doctrine writers, this practical guidance manual illustrates where and how the application of the Law of Armed Conflict (LOAC) should be integrated into the operational and tactical decision-making process, as well as into operational orders in times of armed conflict.

  A Decision Too Important for Rick Perry The Trump administration and its allies in Congress want the secretary of energy to determine whether to develop a new class of low-yield nuclear weapons.   Nuclear weapons have been in the headlines for years now and yet all attention in this period has been focused like a spotlight on a country that does not possess a single nuclear weapon and, as. Pantex is the principal facility in the U.S. nuclear weapons complex for the handling of nuclear weapons in their entirety. Although there have been no completely new weapon designs assembled since , technicians at Pantex continue to disassemble and reassemble existing weapons in connection with NNSA programs to evaluate, repair, modify, and certify them. This chapter discusses the issues surrounding nuclear weapons. It starts by noting the statements made by the NATO states when they ratified AP1 and reference is made to the declared position of the US as to the inapplicability to nuclear weapons of the new rules introduced in AP1. It then discusses what those newly introduced rules consist of.

Nuclear weapons decision-making and accountability. by Scilla Elworthy Download PDF EPUB FB2

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Behavioral economics gives us a more accurate picture of how people think and, as a consequence, of how they make decisions about whether to acquire or use nuclear arms.

Such decisions are made in real-world circumstances in which rational calculations about cost and benefit are intertwined with complicated emotions and subject to human limitations. Utilizing archival and newly declassified government documents and data, this richly documented book demonstrates how a variety of factors—the open-ended nature of nuclear deterrence, faulty assumptions about the cost-effectiveness of nuclear weapons, regular misrepresentation of and overreaction to the Soviet threat, the desire to maintain nuclear superiority, bureaucratic and often arbitrary decisions Cited by:   Sincethe United States has manufactured and deployed more Nuclear weapons decision-making and accountability.

book nuclear weapons to deter and if necessary fight a nuclear war. Some observers believe the absence of a third world war confirms that these weapons were a prudent and cost-effective response to the uncertainty and fear surrounding the Soviet Union's military and political 4/5(1).

Based on four years of extensive research, Atomic Audit is the first book to document the comprehensive costs of U.S. nuclear weapons, assembling for the first time anywhere the actual and estimated expenditures for the program since its creation in The authors provide a unique perspective on : Stephen I.

Schwartz. Security sector governance and nuclear weapons 11 V. Key actors in domestic nuclear weapon governance 17 VI. Linking governance actors and the nuclear weapon cycle 23 Table Security-related state and non-state institutions and bodies 10 Table A system of multilayered security sector governance 12 Table Governing the Bomb Civilian Control and Democratic Accountability of Nuclear Weapons Edited by Hans Born, Bates Gill, and Heiner Hânggi SIPRI Monographs.

Offers a new perspective on a well covered subject; Written by topical experts in clear language. The Nuclear Weapons Council (Council)—which serves as the focal point of Department of Defense (DOD) and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) interagency activities to maintain the U.S.

nuclear weapons stockpile—carries out its statutory and regulatory responsibilities in a number of ways, but faces challenges in doing so. Of course, pressure on the defense budget cannot be relieved solely by reducing nuclear weapons spending.

A significant portion of the overall cost of nuclear weapons is fixed. That said, changes to the nuclear replacement program could make it easier to execute and ease some of the hard choices facing the overall defense enterprise. The bomb in this book’s title is the nuclear bomb, a weapon that has become increasingly powerful since relatively crude nuclear devices were.

Civil Servant Nuclear Weapon Weapon System Select Committee Threat Assessment These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm by: 1. Please join the Project on Nuclear Issues at CSIS on February 18th for a half-day conference, “Decision-making and Technology Under the Nuclear Shadow,” that will explore how decision-makers.

Saudi Arabia and Nuclear Weapons uses an "inside out" approach that emphasises the Saudis’ own national interests in relation to the nuclear threat, and their understanding of the role of nuclear weapons in defense, foreign policy and the concept of deterrence.

It is the first study with comprehensive use of the local Arabic language military. One of the strengths of the book are the extensive interviews Zak did in local communities where nuclear weapons are an economic powerhouse and a cause of illness.

With biting black humor, the film shows the response of the U.S. President to the rogue actions of an insane general intent on starting a nuclear war and the hawkish counsel of another seeking to limit U.S.

casualties to “no more than 10 to 20 million killed, tops. Spine title: Public opinion & nuclear weapons. Description: xii, pages ; 23 cm: Contents: pt. Assessing public opinion on nuclear weapons.

Nuclear issues and the nature of public opinion / Catherine Marsh and Colin Fraser. British public opinion and nuclear weapons / Hugh Berrington.

European attitudes on nuclear defence / Eymert den. Argentina's two functioning nuclear power plants have been plagued by failures and shutdowns in recent years, and construction of a third has been virtually halted by economic problems. The accord signed today, a result of contacts begun. Nuclear Weapons: A Very Short Introduction.

Second Edition. Joseph M. Siracusa Very Short Introductions. An accessible and eye-opening background to the most deadly weapon ever invented; Examines important and recurring questions about the role of nuclear weapons in modern-day international relations.

The Alliance for Nuclear Accountability (ANA) is a network of local, regional and national organizations working collaboratively on issues of nuclear weapons production and waste cleanup.

Many of the local groups live downwind and downstream of the United States nuclear weapons complex sites. From the s tothe study found, women held 11 of 68 of senior positions dealing with nuclear weapons, arms control and nonproliferation at the State Department, 13 of of these jobs at.

Well before Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. spoke out against nuclear weapons, African Americans were protesting the Bomb. Historians have generally ignored African Americans when studying the anti-nuclear movement, yet they were some of the first citizens to protest Truman's decision to drop atomic bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Now for the first time.

'This fascinating book is, I believe intentionally, more provocative than merely persuasive, more skeptical than most among us are. It looks at the history of international negotiation, both explicit and by maneuver, in the presence of nuclear weapons and concludes that disparities in nuclear armaments - including zero on one side - make much less difference than they are given credit Cited by:   There is a “constitutional duty to reduce and, if possible, eliminate the threat that nuclear weapons pose to individual freedom and rights of Americans set out in the Constitution.” Statement of William H.

Taft, IV, then General Counsel and now Deputy Secretary of Defense, 15 Julyreproduced in ibid., pp. The duty, Taft concedes, rests Author: Arthur S.

Miller, H. Bart Cox. Priscilla "Scilla" Elworthy (born 3 June ) is a peace builder, and the founder of the Oxford Research Group, a non-governmental organisation she set up in to develop effective dialogue between nuclear weapons policy-makers worldwide and their critics, for which she was nominated three times for the Nobel Peace served as its executive director from.

In "The Hidden Complexities of U.S. Decision-Making on North Korea," Louis Rene Beres argues that North Korea's abilities to develop nuclear and ballistic missile capabilities continued unabated.

Combined with advanced weapon developments among other U.S. competitors, what options should the U.S. consider. And how should the U.S. present those options. Johnstone said the decision-making process behind Hinkley raised questions about transparency and accountability, saying: “In this ever more networked world, both civil and military nuclear.

Next are anti-aircraft hand-held devices, and finally, if one continues on the weapons continuum there is the nuclear bomb. Depending upon where it is detonated it could kill as many as 6 million people, in one of the world’s most populous cities.

In his magisterial book Command and Control: Nuclear Weapons, the Damascus Accident, and the Illusion of Safety, Eric Schlosser quotes the former commander of the Strategic Air Command Gen.

George. Yet a study by one of America's nuclear weapon laboratories, obtained through the Freedom of Information Act, stated that at least 1, weapons were involved in accidents between and.

Washington D.C., May 2, - DuringPresident John F. Kennedy was preoccupied with issues such as Vietnam, the nuclear test ban negotiations, civil rights protests, and Cuba. It is less well known, however, that one of his most abiding concerns was whether and how fast Israel was seeking a nuclear weapons capability and what the U.S.

should do about it.April By Allison Bawden. Thank you for inviting me to discuss the Government Accountability Office (GAO) views on National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) plans for modernizing the nation’s nuclear security enterprise and aligning its efforts with the Defense Department to modernize delivery systems.

Washington, D.C., Febru – For the first time, the U.S. government has officially declassified the fact that the United States stored nuclear weapons on Okinawa during the Cold War.

Although an open secret for decades, the subject has been controversial because Japan’s leaders and U.S. officials have consistently denied the presence of such weapons on .